Cataracts are a clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens, leading to a progressive blurring or dimming of vision. It is the world’s leading cause of blindness and one of the most common conditions related to aging and ultraviolet light exposure. Cataracts can also result from an injury, chronic eye diseases, and diabetes. Infants can also develop cataracts resulting from an infection during pregnancy.
Some common cataract symptoms include:
- · Blurred vision, as if you are looking through a cloudy piece of glass
- · Double vision
- · A sense that colors appear faded and decreased ability to distinguish some colors
- · Seeing halos around lights
- · Glare or light sensitivity to headlights when driving
- · Difficulty seeing at night
There is no way to prevent cataracts, however there are some ways to reduce the risk of developing cataracts. These include wearing quality sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun, not smoking, avoiding alcohol abuse, and eating a healthy diet of leafy vegetables.
When cataracts disrupt your daily life, it may be time for cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is a procedure that is one of the most frequent surgeries performed in the United States. It is an out-patient surgery followed by a 1-day post op, 1-week post op, 1-month post op, and then a complete eye exam at 1 year.
How Cataract Surgery works
An intraocular lens (or IOL) is a tiny, artificial lens for the eye. It replaces the eye’s natural lens that is removed during cataract surgery.
The lens bends (refracts) light rays that enter the eye, helping you to see. Your lens should be clear. But if you have a cataract, your lens has become cloudy. Things look blurry, hazy or less colorful with a cataract. Cataract surgery removes this cloudy lens and replaces it with a clear IOL to improve your vision.
Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery
There are many different options of IOL implants available today. Dr. Krassin will take time with you during the consultation to help you decide which implants would be the best option to fit your lifestyle.
Posterior capsulotomy is laser surgery you may need sometime after cataract surgery. It helps you see clearly if your vision becomes cloudy again.
When you have cataract surgery, Dr. Krassin removes your eye’s cloudy lens. Dr. Krassin replaces it with a clear, artificial Intraocular lens (IOL). The IOL is held in place in the eye’s natural lens capsule. Weeks, months or years later, this capsule can become cloudy or wrinkled, causing blurry vision. With posterior capsulotomy, a YAG laser is used to make an opening in the cloudy capsule. This allows light to pass through again for clear vision. This is performed in our Chaska clinic with Dr. Krassin.